Elucidación y Ostensión en el Tractatus

  • Oscar Joffe Universidad Humboldt, Berlín
Palabras clave: Objetos, Russell, Juicio, nombres, términos primitivos


Wittgenstein escribe en §3.263 del Tractatus que “[l]os significados de signos primitivos  se pueden explicar mediante elucidaciones. Elucidaciones son proposiciones que contienen los signos primitivos. Por consiguiente, se pueden entender sólo si los significados de estos signos ya son conocidos”. Hacker arguye que semejantes elucidaciones se deberían entender en términos de ostensión. Pero la lectura de Hacker, arguyo, hace misteriosa la afirmación de Wittgenstein en §3.02 de que “lo que es pensable también es posible”. En la segunda parte del trabajo trato de hacer ver que el problema generado por el entendimiento de Hacker de §3.263 es fuertemente reminiscente de un problema que Wittgenstein señaló primero para la teoría de relaciones múltiples de juicio en 1913 (recapitulado en Tractatus §5.5422). Es improbable, por consiguiente, que Wittgenstein hubiera pensado de la elucidación de nombres tractarianos de la manera basada en ostensión que Hacker sugiere.

Biografía del autor/a

Oscar Joffe, Universidad Humboldt, Berlín

Oscar Joffe is a doctoral student at the Humboldt University in Berlin. Before coming to Berlin, he studied philosophy in St Andrews, Stirling, and Glasgow. His main interests are in the history of analytic philosophy (particularly Frege and Wittgenstein), logic and language, and the historiography of philosophy. He is currently writing a thesis on the notion of elucidation in Frege and the early Wittgenstein, supervised by Michael Beaney and Wolfgang Kienzler.


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Cómo citar
Joffe, O. 2022. Elucidación y Ostensión en el Tractatus. Disputatio. 11, 23 (dic. 2022), 165-187. DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7958419.