El surgimiento de la posverdad: sus orígenes y contextos

  • Miroslav Vacura University of Economics, Czech Republic
Palabras clave: Posverdad, Posfáctico, Posrealidad


A menudo encontramos el término “posverdad” en contextos muy diversos. Este artículo compara los enfoques existentes, revisa las fuentes de esta noción en diferentes dominios (científico, político, económico y académico), identificando su núcleo conceptual. El punto de partida es el análisis de la reciente transformación de la relación entre los hechos científicos y la esfera política, así como el cambio de rol de los expertos en relación a la sociedad. La siguiente sección se centra en el papel de las redes sociales en el surgimiento de la sociedad de la posverdad y en algunos fenómenos relevantes que le son constitutivos en el ámbito de la información. Posteriormente, identifico otras fuentes de posverdad en la esfera económica, relacionadas con la globalización, y también en la filosofía posmoderna.

Biografía del autor/a

Miroslav Vacura, University of Economics, Czech Republic

MIROSLAV VACURA is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of Economics, Prague. His research focuses on political philosophy and applied ontology. He also has interests in the broader history of philosophy, the philosophy of science, and ethics.


Agin, Dan. 2006. Junk Science — How Politicians, Corporations, and Other Hucksters Betray Us. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Bacon, Francis. 2000. The New Organon. Edited by Lisa Jardine and Michael Silverthorne. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bartholemew, James. 2015. “The Awful Rise of ‘Virtue Signalling.’” Spectator, April 18, 2015. https://www.spectator.co.uk/2015/04/hating-the-daily-mail-is-a-substitute-for-doing-good/.

Baudrillard, Jean. 1991. La Guerre Du Golfe n’a Pas Eu Lieu. Paris: Galilée.

Baudrillard, Jean. 1995. The Gulf War Did Not Take Place. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Davies, William. 2016. “The Age of Post-Truth Politics.” The New York Times, August 24, 2016. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/24/opinion/campaign-stops/the-age-of-post-truth-politics.html.

Douglas, Heather E. 2009. Science, Policy and the Value-Free Ideal. Pittsburg: University of Pittsburg Press.

Ferraris, Maurizio. 2014. Introduction to New Realism. London – New York: Bloomsbury Academic Publishing.

Fish, Will. 2016. “Post-Truth Politics and Illusory Democracy.” Psychotherapy and Politics International 14 (3): 211–213.

Frankfurt, Harry F. 1988. The Importance of What We Care About: Philosophical Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Frankfurt, Harry F. 2005. On Bullshit. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Garland, David. 2008. “On the Concept of Moral Panic.” Crime, Media, Culture 4 (1): 9–30. https://doi.org/10.1177/1741659007087270.

Geddes, Mike. 2005. “Neoliberalism and Local Governance–Cross-National Perspectives and Speculations.” Policy Studies 26 (3–4): 359–77. https://doi.org/10.1080/01442870500198429.

Goertzel, Ted. 1994. “Belief in Conspiracy Theories.” Political Psychology 15 (4): 731–42. https://doi.org/10.2307/3791630.

Halberstam, David. 2000. The Powers That Be. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Head, Brian. 2010. “Evidence-Based Policy: Principles and Requirements.” In Strengthening Evidence-Based Policy in the Australian Federation, 13–26. Melbourne, Australia: Productivity Commission.

Hobbs, Julia. 2017. “What Is Virtue Signalling? And Should We Feel Bad About Doing It?” Vogue, February 1, 2017.

Huber, Peter W. 1993. Galileo’s Revenge: Junk Science in the Courtroom. New York: Basic Books.

Javid, Hassan. 2018. “Post-Truth Politics.” The Nation, October 14, 2018. https://nation.com.pk/14-Oct-2018/post-truth-politics.

Kalpokas, Ignas. 2018. A Political Theory of Post-Truth. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Pivot / Springer.

Kalton, Graham, and Howard Schuman. 1982. “The Effect of the Question on Survey Responses: A Review.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (General) 145 (1): 42–73. https://doi.org/10.2307/2981421.

Keyes, Ralph. 2004. The Post-Truth Era: Dishonesty and Deception in Contemporary Life. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Kwak, Haewoon, Changhyun Lee, Hosung Park, and Sue Moon. 2010. “What Is Twitter, a Social Network or a News Media?” In Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on World Wide Web, 591–600. Raleigh, North Carolina, USA: ACM.

Lockie, Stewart. 2017. “Post-Truth Politics and the Social Sciences.” Environmental Sociology 3 (1): 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1080/23251042.2016.1273444.

Lynch, Michael P. 2004. True to Life: Why Truth Matters. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Mair, Jonathan. 2017. “Post-Truth Anthropology.” Anthropology Today 33 (3): 3–4. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8322.12346.

McCright, Aaron M., Sandra T. Marquart-Pyatt, Rachael Shwom, Steven Brechin, and Summer Allen. 2016. “Ideology, Capitalism, and Climate.” Explaining Public Views about Climate Change in the United States 21 (November): 180–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2016.08.003.

McIntyre, Lee. 2018. Post-Truth. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Mill, John Stuart. 1989. “On Liberty” and Other Writings. Edited by Stefan Collini. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nickerson, Raymond S. 1998. “Confirmation Bias: A Ubiquitous Phenomenon in Many Guises.” Review of General Psychology 2 (2): 175–220. https://doi.org/10.1037/1089-2680.2.2.175.

Nikolov, Dimitar, Diego F.M. Oliveira, Alessandro Flammini, and Filippo Menczer. 2015. “Measuring Online Social Bubbles.” PeerJ Computer Science 1 (e38). https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj-cs.38.

Papazoglou, Alexis. 2016. “The Post-Truth Era of Trump Is Just What Nietzsche Predicted.” The Conversation, December. http://theconversation.com/the-post-truth-era-of-trump-is-just-what-nietzsche-predicted-69093.

Peters, Michael A., Sharon Rider, Mats Hyvönen, and Tina Besley, eds. 2018. Post-Truth, Fake News. Singapore: Springer Singapore.

Pomerantsev, Peter. 2016. “Why We’re Post-Fact.” Granta, July 20, 2016. https://granta.com/why-were-post-fact/.

Sears, Robin V. 2017. “Debate Needed on Free Speech Limits in Digital Era.” The Star, September. https://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2017/09/02/debate-needed-on-free-speech-limits-in-digital-era.html.

Shuham, Matt. 2016. “Trump Surrogate’s Jaw-Dropping Claim: ‘No Such Thing’ As Facts Anymore.” Talking Point Memo, December 2, 2016. https://talkingpointsmemo.com/livewire/scottie-nell-hughes-there-are-no-more-facts.

Špecián, Petr. 2017. “Economic Analysis of a Referendum.” Politická Ekonomie 65 (4): 460–75. https://doi.org/10.18267/j.polek.1155.

Špecián, Petr. 2019. “The Precarious Case of the True Preferences.” SOCIETY 56 (3): 267–72. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12115-019-00363-8.

Stenmark, Mikael, Steve Fuller, and Ulf Zackariasson, eds. 2018. Relativism and Post-Truth in Contemporary Society. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.

Cómo citar
Vacura, M. 2020. El surgimiento de la posverdad: sus orígenes y contextos. Disputatio. Philosophical Research Bulletin. 9, 13 (jun. 2020), 49-65. DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3567162.