Cómo no defender la ciencia. Un decálogo para sus defensores

  • Sven Ove Hansson Royal Institute of Technology, Suecia
Palabras clave: Pseudociencia, Negacionismo de la ciencia, Defensa de la ciencia, Educación científica, Escepticismo, Ciencia y religión, Incertidumbre, Falibilidad, Carga axiológica


La defensa pública de la ciencia nunca ha sido tan importante. Sin embargo, es una tarea difícil con muchos obstáculos, y existen mecanismos que pueden hacerla contraproducente. Este artículo ofrece consejos para defensores de la ciencia, resumidos en diez mandamientos que advierten sobre prácticas potencialmente ineficaces o incluso contraproducentes: (1) No retrates la ciencia como un único tipo de conocimiento. (2) No subestimes la incertidumbre científica. (3) No describas la ciencia como infalible. (4) No niegues la carga axiológica de la ciencia. (5) No te asocies con el poder. (6) No culpes a las víctimas de la desinformación. (7) No pretendas convencer a los propagandistas anti-científicos. (8) No contribuyas a la legitimación de la pseudociencia. (9) No ataques la religión cuando no entre en conflicto con la ciencia. (10) No te denomines “escéptico”.

Biografía del autor/a

Sven Ove Hansson, Royal Institute of Technology, Suecia

SVEN OVE HANSSON is the author of more than 350 articles in refereed journals and books. He is one of the major contributors to the international philosophical research on pseudoscience and science denial. He also publishes on other topics in the philosophy of science and technology, logic, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of risk, and the history of philosophy. He is the editor-in-chief of Theoria and two international book series, member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences (IVA), and past President of the international Society for Philosophy and Technology in 2011-2013.


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Cómo citar
Hansson, S.O. 2020. Cómo no defender la ciencia. Un decálogo para sus defensores. Disputatio. 9, 13 (jun. 2020), 197-225. DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3567187.