Análisis epistemológicamente progresista y tradicionalista del error científico en las filosofías de Allchin y Feyerabend de Rescher

  • Deivide Oliveira Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia-UFRB, Brasil
  • Lilia Queiroz Universidade Federal da Bahia-UFBA, Brasil
Palabras clave: Inconsistencia teórica, Coherencia, Fiabilidad, Repertorio de errores, Pluralismo científico

Resumen

En la época moderna, Bacon y Descartes dedicaron algún tiempo a hablar de errores. Sin embargo, a fines del siglo pasado y principios del siglo XXI, el tema no recibió suficiente atención. Así, debatimos sobre tres autores diferentes acerca del error, representando dos categorias epistémicas que llamamos progresistas y tradicionalistas. El primer autor es Rescher (2007), a quien tomamos como partidario de un enfoque más tradicionalista, con un gran aporte a las investigaciones sobre el tema. El segundo autor, progresista, es Allchin, quienes destaca la necesidad de construir un catálogo de errores, para que podamos evitarlos gradualmente. Nuestro tercer autor, Feyerabend, ve errores en estas categorías: pequeños y completos. A diferencia de Allchin, Feyerabend pone más peso en cuestiones como el pluralismo y la relación entre el error y todas las estructuras teóricas de las que forma parte. Nuestro objetivo, más allá de explorar las opiniones de estos autores, es ver cómo en el siglo XXI presentan investigaciones diferentes pero contributivas sobre errores, aunque esperamos convencer al lector de que algunas de estas opiniones, como cómo Feyerabend contribuye a esta temática, parece estar en mejor armonía con la ciencia como vemos hoy en día.

Biografía del autor/a

Deivide Oliveira, Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia-UFRB, Brasil

Deivide Garcia da Silva Oliveira is Professor of history and philosophy of science, and philosophy of education at the Federal University of Recôncavo da Bahia, Brazil,. His PhD was completed at the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil. His research interest rovers around general philosophy of science, philosophy of biology, Feyerabend’s philosophy, and science teaching. More recently, he edited the book Filosofia da Ciência- Volume 3 (Ufpel, Forthcoming). Among his latest papers there is: 1- "The cosmological divergent proliferation in Feyerabend’s pluralism". In Principia: an international journal of epistemology, (Forthcoming).

Lilia Queiroz, Universidade Federal da Bahia-UFBA, Brasil

Lília Ferreira Souza Queiroz is PhD student in Teaching, Philosophy and History of Sciences at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA). CAPES Scholarship. She has as advisor Prof. Dr. Gustavo Rodrigues Rocha and co-supervisor Dr. Deivide Garcia da Silva Oliveira. She has research interest in Philosophy and History of Sciences, and is researcher member of the Research Group on Philosophy, Science and Scientific Education (G-EFFICIENTIA)

Referencias

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Publicado
2021-06-30
Cómo citar
[1]
Oliveira, D. y Queiroz, L. 2021. Análisis epistemológicamente progresista y tradicionalista del error científico en las filosofías de Allchin y Feyerabend de Rescher. Disputatio. Philosophical Research Bulletin. 10, 17 (jun. 2021), 77-106. DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5135886.
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Artículos y Ensayos