Leyendo el Tractatus, Entendiendo a Wittgenstein

  • Danielle Macbeth Haverford College, EE. UU:
Palabras clave: Cora Diamond, lectura de inefabilidad, absurdidad, lectura resoluta, las guerras del Tractatus


Wittgenstein escribe en la sección 6.54 del Tractatus: «Mis proposiciones esclarecen porque quien me entiende las reconoce al final como absurdas». El lector es confrontado con esto a una tarea: aprender a leer el Tractatus de tal manera que entienda a su autor. Se trata aquí de dos maneras de lectura; la lectura de «inefabilidad» y la lectura «resoluta», ninguna de las dos siendo libre de problemas. El objetivo es diagnosticar confusiones claves en el fondo de estas lecturas y empezar a señalar una alternativa viable.

Biografía del autor/a

Danielle Macbeth, Haverford College, EE. UU:

Danielle Macbeth is T. Wistar Brown Professor of Philosophy at Haverford College in Pennsylvania, USA. She is the author of Frege’s Logic (Harvard UP, 2005) and Realizing Reason: A Narrative of Truth and Knowing (Oxford UP, 2014), as well as many essays on a variety of issues in the philosophy of language, the philosophy of mind, the history and philosophy of mathematics, and other topics. She was a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in Palo Alto in 2002 – 3, and has been awarded an American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) Burkhardt Fellowship as well as a Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH).


Anscombe, G. E. M. (1959). An Introduction to Wittgenstein’s Tractatus. London: Hutchinson University Library.

Black, Max (1964). A Commentary on Wittgenstein’s Tractatus. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Crary, Alice (ed.) (2007). Wittgenstein and the Moral Life: Essays in Honor of Cora Diamond. Cambridge, Mass. and London: The MIT Press.

Crary, Alice and Rupert Read (eds.) (2000). The New Wittgenstein. London and New York: Routledge.

Conant, James (2002). “The Method of the Tractatus”. In: From Frege to Wittgenstein: Perspectives on Early Analytic Philosophy. Edited by Erich Reck. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 374–462. DOI: 10.1093/0195133269.003.0015.

Conant, James (2007). “Mild Mono–Wittgensteinianism”. In: Crary 2007, pp. 31–142.

Diamond, Cora (1988). “Throwing Away the Ladder: How to Read the Tractatus”. In: The Realistic Spirit: Wittgenstein, Philosophy, and the Mind. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 1991, pp. 179–204.

Diamond, Cora (1991). “Ethics, Imagination and the Method of the Tractatus”. Reprinted in Crary and Read 2000, pp. 149 – 173.

Diamond, Cora (1996). “Wittgenstein, Mathematics, and Ethics: Resisting the Attractions of Realism”. In: The Cambridge Companion to Wittgenstein. Edited by Hans Sluga and David G. Stern. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 226–260. DOI: 10.1017/CCOL0521460255.

Diamond, Cora (2013). “Reading the Tractatus with G. E. M. Anscombe”. In: The Oxford Handbook of the History of Analytic Philosophy. Edited by Michael Beaney. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 870–905. DOI: 10.1017/S0031819114000321.

Diamond, Cora (2019). Reading Wittgenstein with Anscombe, Going On to Ethics. Cambridge, Mass. and London: Harvard University Press.

Engelman, Paul (1968). Letters from Ludwig Wittgenstein. With a Memoir. New York: Horizon Press.

Floyd, Juliet (1998). “The Uncaptive Eye: Solipsism in Wittgenstein’s Tractatus”. In: Loneliness. Edited by Leroy S. Rouner. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, pp. 79–108.

Floyd, Juliet (2000). “Wittgenstein, Mathematics, and Philosophy”. In: Crary and Read 2000, pp. 232–261.

Floyd, Juliet (2007). “Wittgenstein and the Inexpressible”. In: Crary 2007, pp. 177–234.

Goldfarb, Warren (2011). “Das Überwinden: Anti-Metaphysical Readings of the Tractatus”. In: Read and Lavery (2011), pp. 6–21.

Hutchinson, Phil and Rupert Read (2006). “An Elucidatory Interpretation of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus: A Critique of Daniel D. Hutto’s and Marie McGinn’s Reading of Tractatus 6.54”. International Journal of Philosophical Studies vol. 14, no. 1: pp. 1–29. DOI: 10.1080/09672550500321585.

Hutto, Daniel D. (2003). Wittgenstein and the End of Philosophy: Neither Theory Nor Therapy. Basingstoke: Palgrave. DOI: 10.1057/9780230503205.

Krebs, Victor J. (2001). “‘Around the axis of our real need’: On the Ethical Point of Wittgenstein’s Philosophy”. European Journal of Philosophy vol. 9, no. 3: pp. 344–374. DOI: 10.1111/1468-0378.00141.

Lavery, Matthew A. (2011). “Toward a Useful Jacobinism: A response to Bronzo”. In: Read and Lavery (2011), pp. 112–120.

Macbeth, Danielle (2005). Frege’s Logic. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Macbeth, Danielle (2014). Realizing Reason: A Narrative of Truth and Knowing. Oxford: Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704751.001.0001.

Macbeth, Danielle (2019). “Wittgenstein and Brandom on Normativity and Sociality”. Disputatio vol. 8 no. 9: pp. 193 - 221. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4595880.

Macbeth, Danielle (2020). “Reading Rorty: A Sketch of a Plan”. In: A Companion to Rorty. Edited by Alan Malachowski. Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons, pp. 11–24.

McGinn, Marie (1999). “Between Metaphysics and Nonsense: Elucidation in Wittgenstein’s Tractatus”. Philosophical Quarterly 49: pp. 491–513. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9213.00155.

Midgley, Mary (1992) “Philosophical Plumbing”. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements vol. 33: pp. 139 – 151. DOI: 10.1017/S1358246100002319.

Monk, Ray (2001). “Philosophical Biography: The Very Idea”. In: Wittgenstein: Biography and Philosophy. Edited by James C. Klagge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 3–15.

Read, Rupert and Lavery, Matthew A. (eds.) (2011). Beyond the Tractatus Wars: The New Wittgenstein Debate. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis.

Sellars, Wilfrid (1956). “Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind”. In: Science, Perception and Reality. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul; New York: The Humanities Press, pp. 127–196. DOI: 10.2307/2024199.

Sullivan, Peter (2002). “On Trying to be Resolute: A Response to Kremer on the Tractatus”. European Journal of Philosophy vol. 10 no. 1: pp. 43–78. DOI: 10.1111/1468-0378.00149.

White, Roger M (2011). “Throwing the Baby out with the Ladder: On ‘Therapeutic’ Readings of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus”. In: Read and Lavery (2011), pp. 22–65.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1921/1961). Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Translated by D. F. Pears and B. F. McGuinness. London and New York: Routledge.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1953/1976). Philosophical Investigations. Second Edition. Translated by G. E. M. Anscombe. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1979). Notebooks 1914 – 1916. Second edition. Translated by G. E. M. Anscombe and edited by G. H. von Wright and G. E. M. Anscombe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1980). Culture and Value. Translated by Peter Winch and edited by G. H. von Wright with Heikki Nyman. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Cómo citar
Macbeth, D. 2022. Leyendo el Tractatus, Entendiendo a Wittgenstein. Disputatio. Philosophical Research Bulletin. 11, 23 (dic. 2022), 33-73. DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7953196.